"The primary purpose of reading and writing haiku is sharing moments of our lives that have moved us, pieces of experience and perception that we offer or receive as gifts. At the deepest level, this is one of the great purposes of all art, and especially of literature." --William J. Higginson

Haiku is a contemplative, unrhymed Japanese poem that attempts to chronicle the essence of a moment in which nature is linked to human life. And as one of the most important forms of traditional Japanese poetry, a well-written haiku creates tension between CONTRASTING elements, such as movement versus inactivity, change versus continuance, time versus timelessness, and nature versus humanity.

Three general guidelines govern Traditional Haiku writing in Japanese. These guidelines are:

Avoiding first person accounts and the use of figures of speech (like similes or metaphors) in writing Haiku, one should instead contemplate Nature and the immediate moment. Therefore, as a creator of Haiku, you should attempt to use verbs in the present tense and very carefully chosen descriptive and image-arousing words. Remembering also that the pattern to be followed respects the 5-7-5 syllabic application in only three lines, Dhugal (and meister_z) gives you the following "Guidelines" in which Question Words can serve as helpful tools for beginners in Haiku:

  1. Line 1 = 5 syllables - When? - short line
  2. Line 2 = 7 syllables - Where? - long line
  3. Line 3 = 5 syllables - What? - short line

5-7-5 [G0-ShiShi-Go (in Japanese)]


An old pond;
A frog jumps in--
The sound of water.

--Matsuo Basho [Master and Creator of Traditional Haiku]

Beauty, indeed, can be tactfully and artistically created in such few words and sounds! But remember also that Haiku is essentially an action of blending or communing with Nature -- the INTERNAL, or as I prefer to recognize, the SPIRITUAL blending and sensing of Natural Beauty and the Supreme Creation of... All: the world, with its trees, aromas, colors, living creatures and their processes,... the stars, the planets, the galaxies, our marvelous sun... the wholeness of the universe, the apparent void or emptiness, too -- the combinations of equals and contrasts, the sensation of wholeness when we fuse with all of these... the knowledge of God, the Tao, the Supreme, the Force and Power which emanates from everything, from one and all... These are the "gifts" which can sensitively be painted into a small but powerful picture of just a few words and syllables called HAIKU.   [meister_z]

Sticking only to the technical aspects of Art will never lead people well enough to what most of them really would like to achieve, I am sure. Especially nowadays that mankind has lost SO much of the spiritual sensing and exercise of the unseen but ever-present flow of what some call the Spirit, the Life force, the eternal Energy and Essence, the Tao, Karma, or whatever. The fact is that most human beings in the "Western World" and too many now in the "Oriental World" have become materialized, metalized, purely superficial, and sham. Yet, whatever man's deficiencies may currently be, there is still that large number of people who wish to go back to some sort of contact with the internal segments of their existence -- to some sort of quest for that missing internal part that may help them feel the wholeness which they cannot acquire elsewhere in their daily routines. Haiku is one of several possible paths to achieve this.

Since SEASON words are a requirement for Haiku, and since it is an Art that you must develop gradually by the sensitive selection of ALL your words, below is a borrowed list of SEASON words which come directly from Japan. Use them as Study Guides and models for your own Haiku creations. -jzr-     [Apr 5 2K]

Glossaries are of two kinds: kiyose, which merely lists seasonal terms, and saijiki, in which each term is accompanied by examples showing proper usage by well-known haikuists. Because the saijiki are more helpful, they are more widely used in Japan. Following, you will find a kiyose collection of kigo.
( Return to Haiku Theory Page)

Kiyose Collection of Season Words in Japan

The Four Seasons




(The Season)

Spring, Early Spring, Mid-Spring, Late Spring
February, March, April
Lunar new year
First day of Spring
Lingering cold
Signs of Spring
Spring equinox
Spring morning, Spring afternoon, Spring evening, Spring night
Last spring light
Balmy day
Parting (/passing ) spring
End of the cold

(Celestial Phenomena)

Spring sky
Spring sunshine,Spring sun
Hazy night
Haze,Spring mist(/haze)
Heat haze(/shimmer)
Spring wind
East wind
Spring cloud
Spring storm
Spring hail
Spring dust
Spring rain
Spring rainy days(/Spring shower/April shower)
Spring rainbow
Spring drizzle
Spring sleet
Spring frost,Late frost
Spring thunder
Spring snow
Spring thunder
Spring moon
Hazy moon
Spring darkness
Spring star(s)
Spring sunset
First spring gust
Spring gust
Shinning wind

(Terrestrial Phenomena)

Mountains(hills) in spring
Mountains(hills) smile
Spring water(/Waters of spring)
Spring sea
Spring waterfall
Unmelted snow(Remaining snow)
Melting snow(Snow-melt/Snow meltwater)
Spring(/Thin) ice
Drift ice
Spring tide
Spring wave
Spring field
Burning fields
Spring river
Snow slide


Bonfire in spring
Migrant fishermen <Watari gyofu>
Great examination <Dai shiken>
Graduation <Sotugyo>
Start of school <Nyugaku>
Outing(/Hike/Picnic) <Ensoku>
Spring wear <Haru no fuku>
Spring shawl <Haru shoru>
Spring parasol <Haru higasa>
White sake <Siro zake>
Spring light <Shunto>

Putting away stoves <Danro wosamu>
Opening north windows <Kita mado hiraku>
Replacing the roof <Yane kae>
Treading on barley(wheat) plants <Mugi-fumi>
Burning hills(/fields/grass) <No yaku/Yama yaku/Shiba yaku>
Plowing <Tagayashi>
Seeds <Tanemono>
Planting seeds <Tane-maki>

Planting potato(/sweet potato/ taro/ lotus/ bulb/ indigo/ hemp, etc.)
<Bareisho ueru/Imo ueru/Hasu ueru/Kyukon ueru/Ai maku/Asa maku/ nadonado>

Seed bed(/Nursery) <Naedoko>
Pruning <Sentei>
Planting and cutting <Tugiki>
Parting the roots <Newake>
Cutting off the wool <Hituji ke karu>
Cutting grass <Tumi kuka>
Sericulture <Kogai/Yousan>
Picking tea(/mulberry leaves) <Cha tumi>
Tea making <Sei-cha>
Woman diver (for pearls, fish,etc.) <Ama/Isodo/Moguri>
Floating woods <KInagashi>
Gathering shellfish (at low tide) <Shiohigari>

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Cherry blossoms viewing <Hana-mi>
Apricot blossoms viewing <Ume-mi>
Boat race (/Regatta) <Boto resu>
Kite <Tako>
Balloon <Fusen>
Windmill(/Pinwheel) <Kazaguruma>
Soap bubble <Shabondama>
Pheasant whistle <Kiji-bue>
Swing <Buranko>
Cold(/Flu) in Spring <Haru kaze>
Sleeping late <Asa-ne>
Sleep in spring <Haru no yume>
Melancholy of spring <Shunshu/Haru urei>
Dream in spring <Haru no yume>


Anniversary of Saigyo's death <Saigyo ki>
Takuboku(T)/Saigyo(T)/etc.........their death)

(*)indicates their fields
T:Tanka, Waka S:Samurai C:Tea ceremony H:Haiku, Haikai

Easter<Fukkatsu sai>
Doll's Festival<Hina matsuri/Momo no sekku>
Floating dolls<Hina nagashi/Nagashi bina>
Market of dolls<Hina ichi>
Entering Nirvana/Reposing Buddha statue< Nehan/Nehan zou>
(*)Anniversary of Buddha's entering Nirvana
Blossom Festival< Hana matsuri>
(*)Anniversary of Buddha's birthday< Bushou e>
National Foundation Day<Kenkoku kinenbi>
(*)11th, February
Vernal Equinox Day<Shubun no hi>
Constitution Day< Kenpou kinen bi>
(*)3rd, May
Memorial service for needles<Hari kuyou>
Cockfight<Tori awase/Toukei>
Spring festivals<Haru matsuri>
Kasuga Festival/Takayama Festival/Yasukuni Festival/Dontaku/etc.....
(*) various kinds of spring festivals held in Japan
May Day<me de>
April Fool<shigatsu baka>
Greenery Day/Week<Midori no hi/Midori no shukan>
(*)29th,April/23th-29th, April
Visiting Ise shrine<Ise mairi>
Confucius Festival<Kousi sai/Oki maturi/Sekiten>
(*)4th Sunday,April
Gishi Festival<Gishi sai>
(*)1st-7th, April.
[Gishi means Ako Gishi (who are 47 samurais).]
Miyako Dancing<Miyako odori>
(*)1st-30th,April. Maiko-san(dancer)in Kyoto hold dance events.


Colt/Filly/Foal/Pony<Haru no uma/Uma no ko/Wakagoma>
Calf/Fawn<Haru no shika/Harami shika/Shika no ko>
Cat's love<Neko no koi/Koi neko>
Kitten<Neko no ko/Koneko>
Turtle chirp<Kame naku>
Snake come out of a hole<Hebi izu>
Tadpoles<Kuwato/Otamajyakushi/Kaeru no ko>
Japanese bush warbler<Uguisu/Hatune>
Japanese bullfinch<Uso>
Japanese bunting<Hoojiro>
Departing crane<Hikizuru/Turu kaeru>
Departing geese<Haru no kari/Kaeru kari>
Departing duck<Hikigamo/Kaeru kamo>
Song (of birds) /Twittering<Saezuri/Momotidori>
Bird's love<Tori sakaru/Tori no koi>
Pregnant swallow<Harami suzume/Komoti suzume>
Baby sparrow<Suzume no ko/Ko suzume>
Nest<Tori no su/Sugomori>
Swallow's nest<Tubame no su>, Sparrow's nest<Suzume no su>
Crow's nest<Karasu no su>.... etc
Fledgling/Leaving a nest<Sudati>
Tellina<Sakura gai>
Spanish mackerel<Sawara>
Sand lance<Ikanago>
White bait<Sirauwo>
Pond smelt<Wakasagi>
Young (/Baby) crucian carp<Haru no funa/Hatu buna>
Young (/Baby) sweet-fish<Waka ayu/Koayu>
Toyama squid <Hotaru ika>
Wreath shell<Sazae>
Short neck clam<Asari>
Jack-knife clam<Mategai>
Horn shell<Nina>
Hermit crab<Yadokari>
Sea anemone<Isoginchaku>
Sea urchin<Uni>
Horse fly<Abu>
Young(/Baby) fly<Haru no hae/Hae umaru/Hae no ko>

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Plum (Ume)
Red-plum (Koubai)
Camellia (Tsubaki)
First cherry blossoms (Hatsu zakura/Hatsu hana)
*Cherry blossoms which come out first of the year
Early flowering cherry-tree (Higan zakura)
Weeping cherry-tree (Shidare zakura)
Cherry blossoms (Sakura)
Blossoms (Hana)
*"Blossoms" generally mean cherry blossoms in Japan.
Wild cherry (Yama zakura)
Falling cherry blossoms (Rakka)
Falling cherry pistils (Sakura shibe furu)
Buds/Sprout/Shoot (Ko no me/Hikobae)
Peony buds (Botan no me)
Rose buds (Bara no me)
Magnolia (Mokuren/Kobushi)
Mitsumata (Mitsumata)
Daphne (Jinchoge)
Golden-ball tree (Rengyo)
Aronia (Kaido)
Lilac (Rairakku)
Prunus flowers (Yusura no hana)
Gold-leaf tree flowers (Aoki no hana)
Japanese andromeda flowers (Ashibi/Asebi no hana)
Azalea (Tsutsuji)
Hawthorn flowers (Sanzashi no hana)
Kodemari (Kodemari: a kind of rose)
Yukiyanagi (Yukiyanagi: a kind of spiraea)
Wisteria (Fuji)
Japanese globeflower (Yamabuki)
Summer orange (Natsu mikan)
Peach blossoms (Momo no hana)
Plum blossoms (Sumomo no hana)
Pear blossoms (Nashi no hana)
Apricot blossoms (Anzu no hana)
Apple blossoms (Ringo no hana)
Heath-rose blossoms (Boke no hana)
Pine candles (Waka matsu/Waka midori)
Willow buds (Yanagi no me)
Japanese paper buds (Sansho no me)
Maple-tree buds (Kaede no me)
Maple-tree blossoms (Kaede no hana)
Matrimony vine buds (Kuko no me)
Acanthopanax (Ukogi)
Willow (Yanagi)
Witch hazel (Mansaku)
Pine blossoms (Matsu no hana)
Japanese cedar blossoms (Sugi no hana)
Ginkgo blossoms (Icho no hana)
Birch-tree blossoms (Hari/Han no hana)
White birch blossoms (Shirakaba no hana)
Oak blossoms (Kashi no hana)
Pussy willow/Sallow (Nekoyanagi)
Blackberry blossoms (Kiichigo no hana)
Bengal quince blossoms (Karatachi no hana)
Box tree blossoms (Tsuge no hana)
Mulberry tree (Kuwa)
Star anise blossoms (Shikimi no hana)
Plane tree blossoms (Suzukake no hana)
Akebia blossoms (Akebi no hana)
Autumn of bamboo (Take no aki)
*In spring bamboo leaves turn yellow.
Spring bamboo shoot (Haru no takenoko)
Iris (Nejiayame)
Yellow narcissus (Kizuisen)
Daisy (Hinagiku)
Erigeron (Azumagiku)
Marigold (Kinsenka)
Forget-me-not (Wasurenagusa)
Cineraria (Saineria)
Anemone (Anemone)
Freesia (Furizia)
Tulip (Churippu)
Heliotrope (Heriotoropu)
Crocus (Kurokkasu)
Cyclamen (Shikuramen)
Hyacinth (Hiyashinsu)
Chrysanthmum Seedling(Kiku no nae/Kiku no me)
Ripe blossoms (Na no hana)
Daikon flowers (Daikon no hana)
Broad bean flowers (Mame no hana)
Sweet pea/Green peas(Endo no hana/Suitopi/Gurinpisu)
Spring onion flowers/Strawberry flowers (Negi no hana/Ichigo no hana)
Bibb lettuce/Lettuce (Chi sa/Retasu)
Spinach (Hourenso)
Japanese cabbage (Mizuna)
Marsh parsley (Mitsuba)
Spring daikon (Haru daikon)
Spikenard (Udo)
Leek (Nira)
Garlic (Ninniku)
Horseradish (Wasabi)
Green wheat (Aomugi)
Seed potatoes (Tane imo)
Spring grass (Haru no kusa)
Grass seedlings (Kusa no me)
Young grass (Waka kusa)
Violets/Pansy (Sumire/Panji)
Chinese milk vetch (Renge/Genge/Gegebana)
Clover (Kurohba/Umagoyashi)
Shepherd's purse (Nazuna no hana)
Dandelion (Tanpopo)
Horsetail (Tukushi)
Water-horsetail (Sugina)
Chickweed (Hakobe)
Primrose (Sakurasou)
Hepatica, Liverwort (Yukiwarisou)
Giant knotweed (Itadori)
Thistle (Azami)
Fiddlehead ferns (Warabi)
Flowering ferns (Zenmai)
Parsley (Seri)
Buttercup (Kinpouge)
Early sprout of the butterbur (Fuki no tou)
Mugwort (Yomogi)
Wakame seaweed (Wakame)
Spindle-shape bladder-leaf (Hijiki)
Sea-lettuce (Aosa)
Dried laver (Nori)

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<The Season>

Summer (Natsu)
Summer morning (Natsuake,Natsu no asa)
Summer afternoon (Natsu no hiru,Enchu)
Summer evening (Natsu no Yu,Natsu no kure)
Summer night (Natsu no yo,Natsu no yoi)

May (Go gatsu,Satsuki)
June (Roku gastu,Minazuki)
July (Hichi gatsu,Fumituki)

rainy season (Tsuyu)
coming of rainy season (Nyubai,Tsuiri)
end of rainy season (Tuyuake,Tuyu agaru)
coolness of rainy season (Tsuyu samushi)

early summer (Shoka,Natsu-hajime)
coming of summer (Rikka,Natsu tatsu,Natsu kitaru)
signs(/symptons) of summer,summer appearing (Natsu meku,Natsu kizasu)
dog days (Doyou,Doyou iri)
midsummer (Seika,Manatsu)
summer heat,hot,heat (Atsushi,Atsusa,Shoki,Ensho)
short night (Mijikayo)
tropical night (Nettaiya)
great heat (Taisho,Gokusho)
burn {by sunlit} (Yaku)
heat wave, hot wind (Neppu,Ennetsu)
cool, cool evening, cool wind (Suzushi,Ryofu)
summer's end,summer going (Natsu no hate,Natsu owaru,Natsu oshimu)
waiting for autumn (Aki tikashi,Aki wo matsu)
autumn at night (Yoru no aki)
summer solstice (Geshi)
late summer (Banka,Natsu fukashi)
fall barley (Mugi aki,Bakushu)

<Celestial Phenomena>

Summer light, Summer sunlight(Natsu no hi,Natsu hikage)
Summer sky (Natsu zora, Natsu no sora,Katen)
Summer clouds (Natsu gumo,Natsu no kumo)
Thunder-heads, huge columns of clouds (Nyudou gumo,Sekiranun,Kaminari gumo)
Summer moon (Natsu no tsuki, Tuki suzushi)
Summer stars (Natsu no hoshi)
South wind (Minami kaze,Nanpu)
Balmy breeze (Kaze kaoru,Kunpu)
Cool breeze (Suzukaze, Ryofu)
Morning calm (Asa nagi)
Evening calm (Yu nagi)
Summer rain (Natsu same,Natsu no ame)
Early summer rain, May rains (Samidare, Satsuki ame)
Evening shower (Yuudachi,Yudachi)
Sea of clouds (Unkai)
Sunrise seen from a mountain top (Goraikou)
Rainbow (Niji)
Hail (Hyou,Hisame)
Thunder, Lightning (Kaminari)
Bright day in May (Tuyubare,Satsukibare)
Morning glow (Asayake)
Evening glow (Yuyake,Yuyake)
High noon (Hi no sakari)
Late afternoon sun, Setting sun (Nishibi)
Blazing sun (Entenka,Enten)
Shade (Hikage,Katakage)
Drought (Hideri,Kanbatsu)

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<Terrestrial Phenomena>

Summer mountain (Natsu no yama, Natsuyama)
Mt. Fuji in summer (Natsu Fuji)
Ravine snow (Sekkei)
Flower bed (on the table-land) (Ohana batake)
Summer field (Natsuno)
Summer river (Natsu no kawa)
Summer sea (Natsu no umi)
Summer waves (Natsu no nami)
Waves in hottest days (Doyo nami)
Summer tide (Natsu no shio, Natsu jio)
Green rice field (Awota)
Rice-planted field (Ueta)
Flood (Demizu)
Fountain (Izumi)
Clear water (Shimizu)
Hills trilling (Shitatari)
Waterfall (Taki,bakufu,takitubo,etc)


Summer holidays (Natsuyasumi)
Homecoming (Kisei)
Change of clothes (Koromogae)
Summer cloths/wear (Natsu fuku, Natsu goromo)
Serge (Seru)
Light stuff (Usumono)
Yukata (Yukata)
White/Aloha shirt (Shiro shatsu, Aroha Shatsu)
Swimsuit/Bathing suit (Mizugi, Kaisuigi)
Sunglasses (Sangurasu)
Straw hat (Mugiwara boushi, Natsu boushi)
Handkerchief (Hankachifu, Asenugui)
Kashiwamochi (Rice cake wrapped with leaves of Mongolia oak) (Kashiwa mochi)
Sushi (Sushi)
Chilled somen/mugi-noodle(Hiyashi soumen, Hiya mugi)
Chilled tofu (Hiya yakko, Hiya doufu)
Umeboshi ( Pickled plum in brine) (Umeboshi, Ume hosu, Ume duke)
Beer (Biru, Kuro biru, Nama biru, Bia horu, Bia gaden)
Plum brandy (Ume shu)
Distilled spirit (Shochu)
Cold sake (Hiyazake)
Amazake (A kind of drink made from sake) (Amazake)
The year's green tea (Sincha, Hashiri cha)
Soda / Soda pop (Soda sui)
Shaved ice (with syrup over it) (Koori mizu, Kaki goori)
Icecream / Soft ice cream (Hyouka, Aisu-kurimu, Sofuto-kurimu)
Arrowroot cake (Kuzumoti)
Tokoroten ( a kind of jello made from seaweed) (Tokoroten)
Chilled yokan ( a kind of Japanese sweet) (Mizu-yokan)
Broiled eel on the hottest day (Doyo unagi)
Balcony (Rodai, Barukoni, Beranda)
Fountain (Funsui, Fukiage)
Summer bedding (Natsu buton, Natsu gake)
Rush mat (Hana goza)
Screen door , Window screen (Amido)
Blind / Shade (Hiyoke)
Bamboo blind/shade (Sudare, Ao sudare, Take sudare)
Rattan chair (To isu)
Hammock (Hanmokku)
Flypaper (Hae tori)
Mosquito net (Kaya)
Perfume (Kousui)
Air conditioner (Reibou, Rumu kura)
Folding fan (Sensu, Oogi)
Round fan , Summer fan (Uchiwa)
Electric fan (Senpuki)
Wind chime (Fuurin)
Revolving lantern (Soumatou, Mawari dourou)
Parasol (Higasa, Parasoru)
Airing (Mushi boshi)
Sprinkling water (Uchimizu, Mizu maki)
Sprinkler truck (Sansui sha)
Taking a bath in a tub (Gyouzui)
Mowing wheat, thrashing barley (Mugi kari, Mugi koki)
Rice planting (Taue)
Prayers for rain (Amagoi)
Weeding (Kusakari, Kusatori, kusamushiri)
Hay (Hoshi kusa, Kari boshi)
Grass arrow (Kusaya)
Cocoon (Mayu)
Fishing sweetfishes (Ayu turi)
Cormorant fishing (Ukai)
Night angling (Yoduri)
Swimming goggles (Suichu megane)
Fishing squid (Ika turi)
Escaping the summer heat, Summer resort (Hisho, Hishoti)
Enjoying the evening cool (out of doors) / Cooling at evening (Suzumi, Yusuzumi, Nouryo)                              Top                              Contents
Rowboat (Bouto)
Yacht / Sailboat (Yotto)
Climbing / Mountaineering (Tozan,Yamanobori)
Camp, Campfire, etc,(Kyanpu, Kyanpu faiya,Kyanpu --)
Tent (Tento)
Cottage (Bangaro)
Swimming (Oyogi, Suiei, Yuuei)
Swimming pool (Puuru)
Swimming in the sea / Sea bathing (Kaisuiyoku)
Beach umbrella (Sunahigasa, Biichi parasoru)
Fishpond (Turi bori)
Night stall (Yomise)
Fireworks (Hanabi)
Night game, Night time baseball game (Naitaa, Naito geimu)
Playing in water (Mizu asobi)
Water pistol (Mizudeppou)
Hunting/Seeing fireflies (Hotaru gari, Hotarumi)
Reed (-pipe) (Kusabue, Mugibue)
Naked (Hadaka)
Barefoot (Hadashi)
Washing hair (Kami arau, Araigami)
Sweat (Ase)
Sunburn (Hiyake)
Nap (Hirune, Gosui)
Summer colds (Natsu kaze)
Heat exhausion (Natsu yase, Natsu make, Natsu bate)
Sunstroke (Nishabyou)
Prickly heat (Asemo)


Anniversary of Ganjin's death <Ganjin ki>
(Ganjin -<Ganjin(B)>
Narihira -<Ariwara Narihita(T)>
Mantaro-<Kubota Mantaro(H)>
Kenkichi-<Yamamoto Kenkichi(H)>
Takako-<Hashimoto Takako(H)>
Outou-<Dazai Osamu(N)>
Shuson-<Kato Shuson(H)>
Bousha-<Kawabata Bousha(H)>
Shuoshi-<Mizuhara Shuoshi(H)>
Kappa-<Akutagawa Ryunosuke(H,N)>
Fujio-<Akimoto Fujio(H)>
Kusatao-<Nakamura Kusatao(H)>
,etc.........their death)

(*)indicates their fields
T:Tanka,Waka B:Buddhism H:Haiku,Haikai N:Novel

Children's day <5/5> (Kodomo no hi)
Mother's day (Haha no hi)
Father's day (Chichi no hi)
Boy's festival <5/5> (Tango, Tango no sekku)
Carp streamer (Koi nobori)
Banner (Nobori)
Warrior doll (Musha ningyo)
Bathing with iris' leaves (Shoubu yu)
Atomic bomb day , Anniversary of Hiroshima's collapse <8/6>(Genbakuki, Hiroshima ki)
Le quatorze juillet (Pari sai)
Hoozuki fair (Hoozuki ichi)
Opening of a mountain to climbers (Yamabiraki)
Festival, Summer festival (Matsuri,Natsu Matsuri)
(Aoi matsuri, Kamo maturi, Sanjya maturi, Gion matsuri etc.)

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Fawn (Shika no ko)
Bat (Koumori)
Tree frog (Amagaeru)
Turtle (Kame no ko)
Singing frog (Kajika)
Lizard (Imori,Yamori,Tokage)
Snake (Hebi)
Cuckoo < small > (Hototogisu)
Cuckoo (Kakko)
Owl (Aobaduku)
Ptarmigan (Raicho)
Young swallow (Tubame no ko)
Young crow (Karasu no ko)
Reed warbler (Yoshikiri)
Kingfisher (Kawasemi)
Duck (Natsugamo,Karugamo)
Cormorant (U)
Blue heron, Egret (Aosagi, Shirosagi)
Martin, Summer swallow (Natsu-tsubame, Iwa-tsubame)
White-eye (Mejiro)
Tit-mouse (Sijyukara)
Red (Gold) carp (Higoi)
Catfish (Namazu)
Sweetfish (Ayu)
Bull trout (Iwana, Yamame)
Goldfish (Kingyo)
Tropical fish (Nettaigyo)
Killifish (Medaka)
Bonito (Katsuo, Hatsu-gatsuo)
Mackerel (Saba)
Horse mackerel (Aji)
Smelt (Kisu)
Flying fish (Tobiuwo)
Sting (Whip) ray (Akaei)
Congereel (Hamo)
Sea eel, Conger (Anago)
Eel (Unagi)
Ear shell, Abalone (Awabi)
Krab (Kani)
Sea louse (Fynamushi)
Jellyfish, Medusa (Kurage)
Summer butterfly (Natsu no cho)
Caterpillar (Kemushi)
Firefly (Hotaru)
Beetle (Kabutomushi)
Longicorn (Kamikiri)
Flat-headed borer (Tamamushi)
Gold beetle, Gold bug (Koganemushi)
Ladybug (Tentoumushi)
Water strider (Amenbou)
Cicada (Semi)
Dragonfly (Ito-tonbo,Kawa-tonbo)
Fly (Hae)
Mosquito (Ka)
Mosquito larva (Boufura)
Gnat (Buyo)
Dayfly, Ephemerid (Kusa-kagerou)
Ant lion (Arijigoku)
Cockroach (Gokiburi)
Flea (Nomi)
Ant (Ari)
Spider (Kumo)
Centipede (Mukade)
Slug (Namekuji)
Snail (Katatsumuri)
Leech (Hiru)
Earthworm (Mimizu)
Noctiluca (Yakouchu)

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Young foliage of cherry-trees, Leafing cherry trees (Hazakura)
Rose, Wild rose (Bara, Nobara,Ibara)
Peony (Botan)
Hydrangea (Ajisai)
Rhododendron (Shakunage)
Crape myrtle (Sarusuberi)
Cape jasmine, Gardenia (Kuchinashi)
Azalea (Satsuki)
Oleander (Kyochikutou)
Hybiscus (Haibisukasu,Bussouge)
Jazmin (Sokei,Jasumin)
Mimosa blossoms (Nebu no hana)
Mandarin orange blossoms (Mikan no hana)
Citron blossoms (Yuzu no hana)
Chestnut blossoms (Kuri no hana)
Persimmon blossoms (kaki no hana)
Pomegranate blossoms (Zakuro no hana)
Green fruit of Japanese apricot (Awo ume)
Raspberry (Kiichigo)
Green grape (Awo budou)
Green apple (Awo ringo)
Myrica (Yamamomo)
Cherry (Sakuranbo)
Plum (Sumomo)
Apricot (Anzu)
Loquat (Biwa)
Pineapple (Painappuru)
Banana (Banana)
Summer trees (a clump of trees in summer) (Natsu kodachi)
Green leaves (Awoba)
Young leaves (Wakaba)
Fresh verdure (Sinryoku)
Growing thick, Luxuriance (Shigeri,Shigeru)
Myriad green leaves (Banryoku)
Shade of tree (Ryokuin,Kositayami)
Willow (Hayanagi, Natsu yanagi)
Paulownia blossoms (Kiri no hana)
Walnut flower (Kurumi no hana)
Magnolia blossoms (Mokuren no hana)
Locust blossoms (Akashia no hana)
Silk-tree blossoms (Nemu no hana)
Young bamboo (Wakatake)
Iris, Flag (Kakitubata, Ayame, Hanashobu)
Gladiolus (Gurajiorasu)
Dahlia (Daria)
Salvia, Sage (Sarubia)
Sunflower (Himawari)
Hollyhock (Awoi)
Poppy (Keshi no hana, Popi)
Summer chrysanthemum (Natsu giku)
Carnation (Kaneshon)
Water(Pond) lily (Suiren)
Orchid (Ran)
Lily (Yuri)
Snapdragon (Kingyosou)
Garden portulaca, Sun plant (Matsuba botan)
Amaryllis (Amaririsu)
Strawberry (Ichigo)
Potato flower (Jyagaimo no hana)
Sesame flower (Goma no hana)
Day lily (Kanzo no hana,Wasuregusa)
Safflower (Benibana)
Pea (Endou)
Bamboo shoot/sprout (Takenoko)
Butterbur (Fuki)
Squash/Marrow (Uri)
Cucumber (Kyuri)
Moon-flower (Yugao)
Melon (Meron)
Eggplant (Nasu)
Tomato (Tomato)
Cabbage (Kyabetsu)
Onion (Tamanegi)
Shallot bulb (Rakkyo)
Perilla (Shiso)
Lotus flower (Byakuren, Hasu no hana)
Barley, Wheat (Mugi)
Hemp (Asa)
Green grass, Summer grass (Natsukusa,Aokusa,Awoshiba)
Lily of the valley (Suzuran)
Evening primrose (Tukimisou)
Duckweed, Floating grass (Ukikusa)
Jew's-ear (Kikurage)
Mold, Mildew (Kabi)

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Autumn (Aki)
Start of autumn (Akitatsu,Risshu)
Early autumn (Shoshu,Akihajime,Akiguchi)
Mid-autumn (Chushu,Akinakaba)
Late autumn (Banshu)

July (Fumituki<lunar calendar>)
August (Hachigatsu,Haduki<lunar calendar>)
September (Kugatsu,Nagatuki<lunar calendar>,Kikutuki)
October (Jyugatsu)

Lingering heat (Zansho,Akiatushi)
Autumnlike, Autumn appearing (Akimeku,Akiduku)
Autumn coolness, Autumn chill, New coolness (Sinryou,Akisuzushi)
Autumn equinoctial week, Autumn equinox (Akihigan)

Autumn morning (Aki no asa)
Autumn noon (Aki no hiru)
Autumn dusk (Aki no kure)
Autumn night (Aki no yoru)

Long night (Yonaga,nagakiyo)
Clear autumn (Aki sumu)
Cool <air> (Hiyayaka,Hiyu,Yubie)
Crisp <air> (Sawayaka,Sayakeshi)
Lovely autumn days (Aki urara,Shurei)
Cold autumn (Hada samu)
Morning chill (Asa samu)
Night chill (Yo samu)
Cold autumn (Hada samu)
Depth of autumn, Autumn deepens (Akifukashi)
Autumn's end (Kureno aki)
Parting/Passing autumn (Yuku aki)
Winter coming (Fuyu tikashi)

<Celestial Phenomena>

Autumn light, Autumn sun (Aki no hi, Akibi)
Autumn sky (Akizora,Aki no sora,Shuten)
Clear autumn sky (Akibare, Akibiyori)
High <autumn> sky (Aki takashi,Ten takashi)
Autumn sounds (Aki no koe)

Autumn clouds (Aki no kumo,Akigumo)
Fleecy clouds (Iwashigumo,Urokogumo)
Moon,Crescent,Moonlit,Full moon,etc(Tsuki,Mikaduki,Tsuki akari, etc.)
Harvest moon (Meigetsu,Jyugoya)
Moonless night (Mugetsu)
Rainy moon (Ugetsu,Ame no tsuki)
Starlight, Starry night (Hoshi dukiyo, Hoshi Akari)
Milky way (Amanokawa,Ginga)
Shooting star (Ryusei,Nagareboshi)
Autumn wind (Akikaze,Aki no kaze)
Storm wind (Nowaki,Nowake)
Autumn geese wind (Kari watashi)
Tyhoon (Taifuu)
Autumn rain (Aki no ame,Akisame,Shurin)
Autumn drizzle (Aki sigure)
Lightning (Inazuma,Inabikari)
Autumn rainbow (Aki no niji)
Autumn sunset (Akiyuyake)
Mist (Kiri,Kirisame,Noumu)
Dew (Tsuyu)
Autumn frost (Akisimo,Tuyujimo)

<Terrestrial Phenomena>

Autumn mountains (Aki no yama)
Autumn fields (Aki no no)
Wild flower field (Hanano)
Autumn rice field (Aki no ta)
Harvested fields (Karita)
Clear water (Mizu sumu)
Autumn river (Aki no kawa)
Autumn sea (Aki no umi)
Sea fire, Phosphorescent light (Shiranui)


Young sake, New sake (Shin shu)
Young rice, New rice (Shin mai)
Late-night meal (Yashoku)
Green soybeans (Edamame)
Boiled chestnut-rice (Kuri meshi)
Boiled mushroom-rice (Matsutake meshi)
Dried persimmon (Hoshigaki)
Grated yam (Tororo)
New soba / buckwheat noodles (Shin soba)
New tofu (Shin dofu)
Boiled taros (Imoni)

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Sports day, Field day (Undoukai)
Lantern (Tourou)
Autumn fan (Shusen, Aki ohgi)
Sumo (Sumo)
Nightwork (Yonabe)
Autumn loneliness (Shushi)

Scarecrow (Kagashi/Kakashi)
Clapper / Noisemaker (Naruko)
Birds threat (Toriodoshi)
Rice reaping (Inekari)
Unhulled rice (Momi)
Bumper/Fruitful year (Hounen)
Bad/Poor crop (Kyosaku,Fusaku)

Bon <festival> dance (Bon-Wodori)
Moon-viewing (Tsukimi)
Viewing autumn leaves (Momijigari)
Mushroom-gathering (Takegari, Kinokogari)


the Anniversary of Atomic Bombing, the Day the A-Bomb Fell (Genbaku ki - 8/9)
War end anniversary (Shusen kinenbi - 8/15)
the Anniversary of the Great Earthquake <1923> (Shinsai kinenbi - 9/1)
Senior Citizens' Day (Keirou no hi - 9/15)
Autumn equinox (Shubun no hi - 9/23)
Fund raising campaign of red feather (Akai hane - Oct.)
Health-Sports Day (Taiiku no hi 10/10)
Culture Day (Bunka no hi-11/3 )

Autumn festival (Aki matsuri)
Nebuta dance <Aomori prefecture>(Nebuta)
Awa dance <Tokushima prefecture> (Awa odori)
Bon of wind <Toyama prefecture> (Kaze no bon)
Daimonji festival <Kyoto> (Daimonji)
Autumn pilgrim (Aki henro)
Grave visiting (Haka mairi)
Lanterns floating (Tourou nagashi)
Gate fire (Kadobi)

Anniversary of Sogi's death <Sogi ki>
Sujyu(H),Toshio(H),Genyoshi(H),etc.........their death)

(*)indicates their fields
H:Haiku,Haikai R:Renga L: Novel,etc


Deer (Shika)
Wild boar (Inoshishi)
Autumn horse (Uma koyuru, Aki no uma)

Migrating/Migratory birds (Watari dori)
Autumn swallow, Departing swallows (Kien, Aki tsubame)
Shrike (Mozu)
Bulbul (Hiyodori)
Japanese wagtail (Sekirei)
Starling (Mukudori)
Quail (Uzura)
Woodpecker (Kitsutsuki)
Wild goose (Kari)
Snipe (Shigi)
Cranes come (Tsuru kitaru)

Ayu / Sweetfish (Oti ayu)
Gray mullet (Bora)
Sea bass (Suzuki)
Goby (Haze)
Sardine (Iwashi)
Mackerel pike (Sanma)
Salmon (Sake)

Autumn firefly (Akibotaru)
Autumn fly/mosquito/bee/butterfly/cicada
(Aki no hae/ka/hachi/chou/semi)
Clear-toned cicada (Higurashi)
Dragonfly (Tonbo)
Mayfly (Kagerou)
Bug / Insect (Mushi)
Cricket (Kohrogi)
Grasshopper (Kirigirisu, Batta)
Locust (Inago)
Mantis (Kamakiri)
Bagworm (Minomushi)

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Fragrant olive (Mokusei)
Rose of Sharon (Mukuge)
Rose Mallow (Fuyo)
Fruit of camellia/nandia/wistaria/peach
(Tsuabaki/Nanten/Fuji/Momo/ no mi)
Pear (Nashi)
Persimmon (Kaki)
Apple (Ringo)
Grapes (Budo)
Chestnuts (Kuri)
Pomegranate (Zakuro)
Fig tree / Fig (Ichijiku)
Watermelon (Suika)
Green mandarin orange (Awo-mikan)
Citron (Yuzu)
Bitter orange (Daidai)
Kumquat (Kinkan)
Lemon (Remon)

Red leaves (Momiji)
Yellow leaves (Kouyou)
Autumn grass / weeds (Akikusa)
Flowers of grass / weeds (Kusa no hana)
Harvested rice (Ine)
Gleaning (Ochibo)

Nuts (Konomi)
Walnut (Kurumi)
Acorn (Donguri)
Ginkgo nut (Ginnan)
Akebi (Akebi)
Plantain / Banana tree (Basho)
Canna (Kanna)
Morning glory (Asagao)
Cockscomb (Keitou)
Cosmos (Kosumosu / Aki sakura)
Four O'Clocks (Oshiroibana)
Ground-cherry (Hooduki)
Balsam (Housenka)
Begonia (Shukaido)
Chrysanthemums (Kiku)
Pumpkin (Kabocha)
Dishcloth gourd / Sponge cucumber (Hechima)
Autumn eggplant/egg apple (Aki nasu)
Potato (Bareisho)
Sweet potato (Satsumaimo)
Taro (Imo)
Red pepper / Cayenne (Tougarashi)
Ginger (Shouga)
Barnyard grass (Hie)
Corn (Toumorokoshi)
Millet (Kibi)
Foxtail (Awa)
Peanut / Groundnut (Rakkasei)
Soybean (Daizu)
Adzuki bean (Azuki)
Sesame (Goma)
Flower of Japanese indigo plant (Ai no hana)
Flower of tobacco plant / Tobacco flowers (Tabako no hana)
Buckwheat flowers (Soba no hana)
Cotton (Wata)
Bush clover (Hagi)
Pampas grass (Susuki, Kaya)
Reed / Rush (Ashi)
Arrowroot (Kuzu)
Pink (Nadeshiko)
Starwort (Nogiku)
Manjyusaka / Red spider lily (Higanbana / Manjyushage)
Bellflower (Kikyo)
Gentian / Autumn bellflower (Rindou)
Spiderwart (Tuyukusa / Tukikusa)

Mushroom (Kinoko / Matsutake / Shimeji / Shiitake)

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Winter (Fuyu)
Early winter (Hatsu fuyu)
Start of winter, Winter coming (Rittou,Fuyu tatsu,Fuyu kitaru)
Winter appearing (Fuyumeku)
Depth of winter, Winter deepens (Fuyu fukashi)
Waiting for spring (Haru matsu)
Spring coming (Haru chikashi)
Winter's end (Fuyu tsuku)
Winter solstice (Touji)
Year's end (Toshi no kure)
Departing year (Yuku toshi)
The watch night(Jyoya)
New Year's Eve (Ohtsugomori)

October (Kannazuki<lunar calendar>)
November (Jyuichi gatsu, Shimotsuki<lunar calendar>)
December (Jyuni gatsu, Shiasu <lunar calendar>)
January (Ichi gatsu)

Winter morning (Fuyu no asa)
Winter evening (Fuyu no kure)
Winter night (Fuyu no yoru)
Winter decay (Fuyuzare)
Indian summer (Koharu, Koharubiyori)
Mild/Warm winter (Fuyu atataka, Dantou)
Lesser cold (Shoukan)
Midwinter / Great cold (Daikan)
Short day (Tanjitsu)
Frosty night (Shimo yo)
Cold (Samushi,Tsumetashi)
Freeze (Kohru)
Cold wave (Kanpa)

<Celestial Phenomena>

Winter light, Winter sun/sunshine (Fuyu no hi, Fuyu hinata,)
Winter sky (Fuyu no sora, Touten, Kanzora)
Winter clouds (Fuyu no kumo, Itegumo)
Winter moon (Fuyu no tsuki, Tsuki sayu, Tsuki kohru)
Winter stars (Fuyu no hoshi, Araboshi, Iteboshi)

Cold winter wind (Kogarashi)
North wind (Kitakaze, Kanpu)
Dry wind (Karakaze)
Draft, Draught (Sukimakaze)

First drizzle (Hatsu shigure)
Drizzle (Shigure)
Winter rain (Fuyu no ame)
Hailstone (Arare)
Sleet (Mizore)
Frost flower (Muhyo)
Silver thaw (Jyuhyo)
First frost (Hatsu shimo)
Frost (Shimo)
First snow (Hatsu yuki, Shinsetsu)
Snow (Yuki)
Snow woman (Yuki onna, Yuki jyorou)
* Snow woman is a well-known specter in Japan.
Snowflakes (Kazahana)
Snowstorm (Fubuki)

Midwinter thunder (Kanrai, Fuyu no rai)
Winter mist (Fuyu gasumi)
Winter haze (Fuyu no moya)
Winter mist (Fuyu no kiri)
Winter sunset (Kanyuyake, Fuyu no yuuyake)
Winter rainbow (Fuyu no nizhi)

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<Terrestrial Phenomena>

Winter mountain (Fuyu no yama)
Mountains/hills sleep (Yama nemuru)
Withered moor (Fuyuno, Kareno)
Rice field in winter (Fuyuta)
Withered garden (Karesono, Kareniwa)

Drying up (Mizu karu)
Mid-winter water (Kan no mizu, Fuyu no mizu)
Winter river (Fuyu no kawa)
Winter sea (Fuyu no umi)
Winter waves (Fuyu no nami)

Needles of frost (Shimobashira)
Frozen ground (Itetsuchi)
First frozen water (Hatsugoori)
Ice (Koori)
Icicles (Tsurara)
Frozen waterfall (Itetaki)
Frozen lake (Hyouko)
Frozen sea (Hyoukai,Umi kooru)
Jack-o'-lantern (Kitsunebi, Onibi)


Year-end bonus (Nenmatsu shouyo)
Cleaning (Susuharai)
The Salavation Army (Shakai nabe, Jizen nabe)
Mochi<Rice cakes> making (Mochitsuki)
Displaying sacred straw festoons (Shime kazaru)
Last working day <of the year> (Goyo osame, Shigoto osame)
Year-end party (Toshi wasure, Bounenkai)
Winter vacation (Fuyu yasumi)

Mochi / Rice cake (Mochi)
Hot sake (Atsukan)
Sake with fins filling (Hirezake)
Eggnog / Egg flip (Tamagozake)
Simmering tofu (Yudoufu)
Porridge <of rice and fishes/vegetables> (Zousui)
Roast/Baked sweet potato (Yakiimo)
Soba <buckwheat noddles> in a night stand (Yonakisoba)
One-skillet supper (Nabeyaki)
Sukiyaki (Sukiyaki)
Wild-boar stew (Botannabe)
Frogfish stew (Ankounabe)
Oden <kind of stew> (Oden)
Salted salmon (Shiozake)
Pickled radish (Takuan)

Preparing for the winter (Fuyugamae)
Windbreak (Kazeyoke)
Snow fence (Yukigakoi,Yukiyoke)
Snow shoveling (Yukikaki,Jyosetsu)
Shouji (Shouji)
* Sliding door with Japanese paper pasted on a wooden framework
Fusuma (Fusuma)
* Sliding door made by pasting thick decorative paper
Carpet (Jyutan)
Heating (Danbou)
Stove (Sutohbu,Danro)
Charcoal (Sumi)
Coal (Sekitan)
Kotatus <kind of body warmer> (Kotatsu)
Hearth, Fireplace (Irori,Ro)
Brazier (Hibachi)
Foot warmer (Anka)
Body warmer (Kairo)
Winter suit (Fuyufuku,Fuyugi)
Futon <Japanese bedding> (Futon)
Chanchanko <Sleeveless kimono jacket> (Chanchanko)
Dotera <Padded dressing gown> (Dotera)
Dressing heavily (Atsugi,Kasanegi)
Bundled in heavy clothes (Kibukure)
Fur (Kegawa)
Blanket (Moufu,Ketto)
Sweater (Sehtah)
Overcoat (Gaitou,kohto)
Cloak (Manto)
Winter hat (Fuyuboushi)
Snow goggles, Spectacles (Yukimegane)
Muffler (Erimaki,Mafurah)
Shawl (Shohru)
Gloves (Tebukuro)
Mask (Masuku)

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<Weaving> wool (Keito)
Radish pulling (Daikonbiki)
Lotus digging (Hasuhori)
Sowing barley (Mugimaki)
Midwinter manure (Kangoe)
Greenhouse (Onsitsu)

Chacoal making (Sumiyaki)
Paper making (Kamisuki)
Snow-viewing (Yukimi)
Winter fishing (Kanzuri)
<Bamboo> stilts (Takeuma)
Snowball fight (Yukigassen, Yukiasobi)
Snowman (Yukidaruma)
Winter swimming (Kanchusuiei)
Ski (Suki)
Skate (Sukehto)
Rugby, Football (Ragubi)
Hunting (Kari)
Falconry (Takagari)

Cold, Influenza (Kaze)
Cough (Seki)
Sneeze (Kusyami)
Runny nose (Mizubana,Hanamizu)
White breath (Shiraiki)
Chaps (Hibi)
Frostbite, Chilblains (Shimoyake,Toushou)
Snow-tan (Yukiyake)

Open fire (Takibi)
Night watch (Hi no ban, Yakei)
Numbness (Kajikamu)
Old diary (Furunikki)
Calender dealer (Koyomi uri)
Basking in the sun (Hinataboko)


Labor Thanksgiving Day (Kinrou kansya no hi - 11/23)
The Emperor's Birthday (Tennou tanjyobi - 12/23 )
Shichigosan <7-5-3> (Shichigosan - 11/15 )
* The traditional Japanese custom of taking children of seven, five, and three years of age to be blessed at a Shinto shrine on November 15
Kindling peonies (Botan takibi)
Memorial service of needles (Harikuyou)
Battledore fair (Hagoita ichi)
Bean-throwing ceremony (Mamemaki)
* Scatter roasted beans to drive out evil spirits on Setusbun (2/3)
Kagura (Kagura, Mikagura)
* Sacred Shinto music and dance
Watch night bell (Jyoya no kane)
* On New Year'S Eve, temples ring their bell 108 times, wishing people may be relieved of their sufferings from the 108 earthy desires.
Winter worship (Kan mairi, Kan moude)
Christmas (Kurisumasu, Koutansai)
Anniversary of Basho(*)'s death <Basho ki>
(*) (Basho(H),Daruma(B),Ransetsu(H),Kuya(B),Teitoku(H)

(*)indicates their fields
H:Haiku,Haikai B:Buddism R:Renga L: Novel,etc


Bear (Kuma)
Hibernation, Winter sleep (Toumin)
Fox (Kitsune)
Tanuki raccorn (Tanuki)
Weasel (Itachi)
White-cheeked giant flying sqirrel (Musasabi)
Rabbit (Usagi)
Whale (Kujira)

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Hawk (Taka)
Eagle (Washi)
Winter birds (Fuyu no tori)
Winter wild goose (Fuyu no kari)
Winter skylark (Fuyu hibari)
Midwinter sparrow (Kan suzume)
Midwinter crow (Kan garasu)
Owl (Fukurou)
<Wild> Duck (Kamo)
Plover (Chidori)
(Niho, Kaituburi)
Hooded gull (Miyakodori, Yurikamome)
Winter gull (Fuyu kamome)
Wren (Misosazai)
Crane (Turu, Iteduru)
Swan (Hakuchou)
Grebe (Kaitsuburi)
Water birds (Mizudori)

Shark (Same, Fuka)
Tuna (Maguro)
Cod (Tara)
Yellow-tail (Buri, Kanburi)
Angler (Ankou)
Swellfish (Fugu)
Round-herring (Urume)
Midwinter/Frozen carp (Kangoi, Itegoi)
<kind of> Crab (Matsuba gani, Zuwai gani)
Sea slugs (Namako)
Oyster (Kaki)

Winter/Frozen butterfly (Fuyu no chou, Ite chou)
Winter bee (Fuyu no hachi, Fuyu bachi)
Winter fly (Fuyu no hae, Fuyu bae)
Winter insects (Fuyu no mushi)


Winter plum blossoms (Kanbai, Fuyu no ume)
Early plum blossoms (Soubai,Ume hayashi)
<Flowers> Blooming out of season (Kaeri bana, Kurui bana, Kurui zaki)
Winter cherry blossoms (Fuyu zakura, Kan zakura)
Winter roses (Fuyu soubi, Fuyu bara)
Winter peonies (Kan botan, Fuyu botan)
Winter camellia (Kan tsubaki, Fuyu Tsubaki)
Sasanqua <camellia> (Sazanka)
Acanthopanax blossoms (Yatsude no hana)
Tea blossoms (Cha no hana)
Poinsettia (Poinsechia)
Satsuma/Mandarin orange (Mikan)
Shaddock (Zabon)
Loquat blossoms (Biwa no hana)
Holly tree flowers (Hiiragi no hana)
Narcissus (Suisen, Sechuka)
Cabbage (Habotan)
Nappa cabbage (Hakusai)
Leek (Negi)
Daikon <Radish> (Daikon, Daiko)
Carrot (Ninjin)
Turnip (Kabu, Kabura)

Winter red</yellow> leaves (Fuyu momiji)
Falling red</yellow> leaves (Momiji chiru)
Withered leaves (Kareha)
Fallen leaves (Ochiba)
Winter grove (Fuyu kodachi, Fuyu ki)
Bare tree (Kareki)
Winter withering (Fuyu gare)
Frost withering (Shimo gare)
Snow-broken (Yuki ore)
Withered chrisanthemums (Kare giku)
Winter chrisanthemums (Kan giku, Fuyu giku)
Withered lotus (Kare hasu)
Winter grass (Fuyu kusa)
Withered grass (Kare kusa)
Withered reed (Kare ashi)
Withered mulberry fields (Kare kuwabatake)
Withered pampas grass (Kare susuki)
Winter violets (Fuyu sumire, Kan sumire)
Wheat seedlings (Mugi no me)
Winter budding (Fuyu moe)

Borrowed from The SHIKI IE Haiku Salon (from Japan)


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April 5, 2000.
Updated July 22, 2000.

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