WASHINGTON.- La Fiscal General en funciones de Estados Unidos, Sally Yates, ordenó hoy a los abogados del Departamento de Justicia que no defiendan en los tribunales el veto a inmigrantes y refugiados impuesto por el presidente, Donald Trump.
En una carta enviada a los abogados del Departamento de Justicia, Yates dijo no estar "convencida" de que la orden ejecutiva de Trump sea "legal".
Yates es una fiscal de la era del expresidente Barack Obama y sigue en el cargo a la espera de que el Senado estadounidense confirme al nominado de Trump para la Fiscalía General, el senador republicano Jeff Sessions.
"Soy responsable de velar porque las posiciones que tomamos en los tribunales sean consistentes con la solemne obligación de esta institución de buscar la justicia y defender lo que es correcto", afirmó la fiscal general en funciones en la misiva.
"En este momento, no estoy convencida de que la defensa de la orden ejecutiva sea consecuente con estas responsabilidades ni estoy convencida de que la orden ejecutiva sea legal", agregó.
Por eso, Yates ordenó a los abogados del Departamento de Justicia que no defiendan la orden ejecutiva en las demandas interpuestas en su contra en Virginia, Nueva York, Massachusetts, el estado de Washington y California, como mínimo.
"Mientras siga como fiscal general en funciones, el Departamento de Justicia no presentará argumentos en defensa de la orden ejecutiva, a menos y hasta que esté convencida de que sería apropiado hacerlo", concluyó Yates.
Trump, que no se ha pronunciado aún sobre la decisión de Yates, tiene competencias para despedirla, pero el cargo quedaría entonces vacante hasta la confirmación de Sessions.
Trump ha causado una enorme controversia y ha soliviantado a medio mundo con la orden ejecutiva que firmó el pasado viernes, como herramienta para luchar contra el terrorismo yihadista.
El decreto ley suspende el ingreso en EE.UU. de todos los refugiados durante 120 días, así como la concesión durante 90 das íde visados a siete países de mayoría musulmana con historial terrorista -Libia, Sudán, Somalia, Siria, Irak, Yemen e Irán- hasta que se establezcan nuevos mecanismos de vigilancia más estrictos.
Obama rompió precisamente hoy su silencio al afirmar que "no está de acuerdo con la noción de discriminar a los individuos debido a su fe o religión", de acuerdo con su portavoz, Kevin Lewis.
con infromación [original] de The New York Times
WASHINGTON — President Trump fired his acting attorney general on Monday night, removing her as the nation's top law enforcement officer after she defiantly refused to defend his executive order closing the nation's borders to refugees and people from predominantly Muslim countries.
In an escalating crisis for his 10-day-old administration, the president declared in a statement that Sally Q. Yates, who had served as deputy attorney general under President Barack Obama, had betrayed the administration by announcing that Justice Department lawyers would not defend Mr. Trump's order against legal challenges.
Democrats are calling it the Monday Night Massacre. On Monday evening, Acting Attorney General Sally Yates announced that under her leadership, the Justice Department would not defend President Donald Trump's executive order on immigration. After acknowledging that the Office of Legal Counsel had reviewed the policy, and noting that the Civil Division could defend it in court, she personally rebuffed the president's judgment, which she did not find "wise or just." Yates, a career prosecutor appointed by Barack Obama, is now being hailed for standing up to a supposedly "tyrannical" president, according to a statement blasted out by the Democratic National Committee. — politico
The president replaced Ms. Yates with Dana J. Boente, the United States attorney for the Eastern District of Virginia, saying that he would serve as attorney general until Congress acts to confirm Senator Jeff Sessions of Alabama. In his first act in his new role, Mr. Boente announced that he was rescinding Ms. Yatess orde'r.
Monday's events have transformed the confirmation of Mr. Sessions into a referendum on Mr. Trump's immigration order. Action in the Senate could come as early as Tuesday.
Ms. Yates's order was a remarkable rebuke by a government official to a sitting president, and it recalled the so-called Saturday Night Massacre in 1973, when President Richard M. Nixon fired his attorney general and deputy attorney general for refusing to dismiss the special prosecutor in the Watergate case.
Mr. Boente was sworn in at 9 p.m., according to White House officials, who did not provide details about who performed the ceremony. In a statement, Mr. Boente pledged to "defend and enforce the laws of our country."
At 9:15 p.m., Ms. Yates received a hand-delivered letter at the Justice Department that informed her that she was fired. Signed by John DeStefano, one of Mr. Trump's White House aides, the letter informed Ms. Yates that "the president has removed you from the office of Deputy Attorney General of the United States."
Two minutes later, the White House officials lashed out at Ms. Yates in a statement issued by Sean Spicer, the White House press secretary.
"Ms. Yates is an Obama administration appointee who is weak on borders and very weak on illegal immigration," the statement said.
The firing of Ms. Yates came at the end of a turbulent three days that began on Friday with Mr. Trump's signing of his executive order. The action stranded travelers around the world, led to protests around the country and created alarm inside the bureaucracy.
Ms. Yates, like other senior government officials, was caught by surprise by the executive order and agonized over the weekend about how to respond, two Justice Department officials involved in the weekend deliberations said. Ms. Yates considered resigning but she told colleagues she did not want to leave it to her successor to face the same dilemma.
By Monday afternoon, Ms. Yates added to a deepening sense of anxiety in the nation's capital by publicly confronting the president with a stinging challenge to his authority, laying bare a deep divide at the Justice Department, within the diplomatic corps and elsewhere in the government over the wisdom of his order.
"At present, I am not convinced that the defense of the executive order is consistent with these responsibilities, nor am I convinced that the executive order is lawful," Ms. Yates wrote in a letter to Justice Department lawyers.
Mr. Trump's senior aides huddled together in the West Wing to determine what to do.
They decided quickly that her insubordination could not stand, according to an administration official familiar with the deliberations. Among the chief concerns was whether Mr. Sessions could be confirmed quickly by the Senate.
After Reince Priebus, the White House chief of staff, received reassurances from Senator Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, the Republican leader, that the confirmation was on track, aides took their recommendation to Mr. Trump in the White House residence.
The president decided quickly: She has to go, he told them.
The official statement from Mr. Spicer accused Ms. Yates of failing to fulfill her duty to defend a "legal order designed to protect the citizens of the United States" that had been approved by the Justice Department's Office of Legal Counsel.
"It is time to get serious about protecting our country," Mr. Spicer said in the statement. He accused Democrats of holding up the confirmation of Mr. Sessions for political reasons. "Calling for tougher vetting for individuals traveling from seven dangerous places is not extreme. It is reasonable and necessary to protect our country."
Former Justice Department officials said the president's action would send a deep shudder through an agency that was already on edge as officials anticipated an ideological overhaul once Mr. Session takes over. One former senior official said that department lawyers would be unnerved by the firing.
Democrats, meanwhile, hailed Ms. Yates as a principled defender of what she thought was right. Senator Chuck Schumer of New York, the Democratic leader, said in a statement that the "attorney general should be loyal and pledge fidelity to the law, not the White House. The fact that this administration doesn't understand that is chilling."
Mr. Boente has told the White House that he is willing to sign off on Mr. Trump's executive order on refugees and immigration, according to Joshua Stueve, a spokesman for the United States attorney's office in Alexandria, Va., where Mr. Boente has served as the top prosecutor since 2015.
Mr. Boente, who has been a prosecutor with the Justice Department for 31 years, had no hesitation about accepting the acting attorney general's job given his "seniority and loyalty" to the department, Mr. Stueve said in a telephone interview on Monday night.
As acting attorney general, Ms. Yates was the only person at the Justice Department authorized to sign applications for foreign surveillance warrants. Administrations of both parties have interpreted surveillance laws as requiring foreign surveillance warrants be signed only by Senate-confirmed Justice Department officials. Mr. Boente was Senate-confirmed as United States attorney and, though the situation is unprecedented, the White House said he was authorized to sign the warrants.
Ms. Yates's decision had effectively overruled a finding by the Justice Department's Office of Legal Counsel, which had already approved the executive order "with respect to form and legality."
Ms. Yates said her determination in deciding not to defend the order was broader, however, and included questions not only about the order's lawfulness, but also whether it was a "wise or just" policy. She also alluded to unspecified statements the White House had made before signing the order, which she factored into her review.
Mr. Trump initially responded to the letter with a post on Twitter at 7:45 p.m., complaining that the Senate's delay in confirming his cabinet nominees had resulted in leaving Ms. Yates in place.
The 1973 "Saturday Night Massacre" led to a constitutional crisis that ended when Robert H. Bork, the solicitor general, acceded to Mr. Nixon's order and fired Archibald Cox, the special prosecutor.
Ms. Yates, a career prosecutor, is different because she is a holdover from the Obama administration. She agreed to Mr. Trump's request to stay on as acting attorney general until Mr. Sessions is confirmed to be attorney general.
NUEVA YORK.- La automotriz Ford y varios bancos de Estados Unidos, entre los que destaca Goldman Sachs, criticaron la orden ejecutiva del presidente Donald Trump que veta temporalmente la entrada al país a ciudadanos de siete países de mayoría musulmana.
Las críticas de Ford y de varios bancos estadunidenses hicieron eco de los comentarios negativos que el veto para ciertos refugiados musulmanes generara de parte de varias empresas del sector de la tecnología de la información aglutinadas en la zona conocida como Silicon Valley.
En un comunicado interno, el presidente del Consejo de Ford, Bill Ford, expresó que la automotriz “no respalda esta política o cualquier otra que vaya contra los valores de nuestra empresa”.
Por su parte, Lloyd Blankfein, director ejecutivo del banco de inversión Goldman Sachs, envió un memorando a sus empleados en que explicó que el veto causa “trastornos a la empresa, y especialmente a algunos de nuestros empleados y sus familias”.
Los comunicados internos de los bancos fueron publicados en su integridad por el diario The Wall Street Journal.
Mientras tanto, el director general del banco Morgan Stanley, James Gorman, explicó que “mantener el talento de todo el mundo es un elemento clave de la cultura de Morgan Stanley”.
Por su parte, el director ejecutivo de Citigroup, Mike Corbat, manifestó en un correo a empleados que estaba “preocupado por el mensaje que envía la orden ejecutiva” y alentó a los políticos a “encontrar el equilibrio adecuado entre proteger al país y su papel histórico como una sociedad abierta”.
Asimismo, ejecutivos del banco J.P. Morgan Chase enviaron un mensaje ofreciendo su “compromiso inquebrantable” a sus empleados. Creemos que nuestro país, la economía y la seguridad son fortalecidos por la rica diversidad del mundo que nos rodea Señalaron los ejecutivos
Finalmente, el fondo que administra el mayor monto de activos en el mundo, BlackRock, comunicó a sus empleados que las políticas de seguridad y contra el terrorismo deben hacerse “respetando el debido proceso, los derechos individuales y el principio de inclusión”.